Myopia is an eye disorder that reduces your distance vision. Children with myopia or nearsightedness may be able to treat their condition with control measures rather than wearing glasses and contacts all the time. At Santee Vision Care Center Optometry in Santee, our optometrist, Dr. Robert Grazian, offers myopia control treatment.
What is Myopia Control?
Myopia treatment does not reverse or fully stop nearsightedness. But for children and teenagers, it can slow the progression. People with myopia will experience worsening distance vision until their early 20s, when it will stabilize. Nearsightedness occurs because the cornea's shape is too steeply curved, causing eyesight to blur when looking at a distance. The measures optometrists use to control myopia reshape the cornea to allow for vision improvements without wearing daytime glasses and contacts.
Who Benefits from Myopia Control?
Myopia management should begin as early as possible to get the most benefit. Most optometrists recommend starting before age 10. We administer the treatment until the eyes stabilize. This can vary between 16 to 21 and differs by how much near work the student completes daily. Additionally, other factors influence how long the treatment can last. For example, excessive night-driving, long study hours, and irregular sleep can worsen nearsightedness's progression.
Types of Myopia Control
There are a few types of treatment to control myopia. Atropine eye drops can reduce focusing fatigue temporally and slow the progression of nearsightedness in low doses. Recent studies have shown this method can reduce negative changes to eyesight by up to 77%.
Another popular treatment is orthokeratology, better known as Ortho-K. These are gas-permeable contacts worn at night and removed in the morning that help keeps the corneas in the right shape to reflect light properly and provide perfect vision. These specialized contacts are now available with soft lenses that may be more affordable for patients. The contacts provide just enough pressure to make the corrections without causing discomfort.
Although it is not as effective as Ortho-K and atropine, multifocal contacts or glasses may reduce up to 50% of myopia's eyesight progression.
Additionally, patients with severe myopia can try implantable lenses. The result is like LASIK eye surgery that surgically attaches each pupil's contacts within the eye. The procedure is permanent and requires no maintenance.
Contact Santee Vision Care Center Optometry Today
Call our office at 619-562-5220 and schedule your first eye exam with Dr. Robert Grazian, O.D., and get started with safe and effective myopia treatment.